Change -y to -ies or -s.
baby - babies, memory - memories, story - stories
boy - boys, enjoy - enjoys, journey - journeys

Why do we change some words ending in 'y' to 'ies' and some we just add 's' to make plurals or third person verbs?

Plurals - some donkeys, two factories, some toys
Third person verbs (he/she/it) - She enjoys, He cries, It flies

a. If the word ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) + y then just add s
boy - boys, journey - journeys, key - keys, tray - trays, donkey - donkeys... Or we'd have too many vowels and a confusing word (key - keies)!!!

b. If the word ends in a consonant + y then 'y' changes to ies
country - countries, baby - babies, body - bodies, memory - memories, sky - skies, variety - varieties, factory - factories...

Note that you don't use spelling rules with proper names. Just make sure you use a capital letter (or you'll have all sorts of problems with passports and online searches!):
The Jollys have gone on holiday (Not the Jollies have gone...)
The Parrys are moving house.

For more plural spelling rules click here

spelling tests

Change the 'y' to 'ies' or 's'. Press Answer button and check your spelling letter by letter

1: family

2: eighty

3: valley

4: beauty

5: responsibility

6: opportunity

7: journey

8: survey

Try Another Quiz

Do the word search below. Might take a few seconds to load.(if you can't see the word search click here Words ending In -ies word search )

Spelling Rules Workbook
a step-by-step guide to the rules of English spelling
(suitable for British and American users)

American and British spelling


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