plural rule adding -ves or -s

Adding -ves or -s to words ending in f or fe

knife-knives, half-halves, roof-roofs, cliff-cliffs, chief-chiefs

The -f to -ves rule is an easy rule but with many exceptions that you need to learn.

making plurals with words ending in O

Adding -s or -es to words ending in O.
You can either add an -s or -es to words ending in O or sometimes they're spelled either way.

Adding -es rule

Which words do we add -es to and why?
bus - buses, business - businesses, match - matches, box - boxes...

We add -es to words to make plurals and third person verbs

'y' to 'ies' or 's' rule

-able or -ible

When do we use -ible and when do we use -able endings?

They're both common spelling patterns for adjectives and usually sound the same.

1:1:1 doubling up rule


In this video we're looking at the doubling up 1:1:1: spelling rule as in:

Building words 4 - suffixes and spelling rules

patterns & rules of words ending in -le

Rules and patterns for words ending in -le

In this lesson we're looking at words like: table, wobble, purple, apple, beetle, kettle, trifle, shuffle, dazzle, tickle, sprinkle, castle...

1. Do you know why we spell some of these with a single letter before the -le and some with double letters? title / little, idle / middle,

Words ending in -tion, -sion, -cian

Say these words out loud: action, accommodation, decision, admission, permission, occasion, electrician, politician, station, television.

Did you notice that the endings -tion, -sion, -cian all have a 'shun' sound?