skitched-14-6-1

In part 1 we're looking at suffixes that change the grammar and also suffixes that make verbs. 

Watch the video above and/or read the info below.

1. Some suffixes do not change the meaning of the word just the grammar:

Suffix      Grammar / tense  original word Word with suffix
 -s       plural  computer  computers 
 -en  plural (irregular)  (singular)
 child
 woman
 man
 (plural)
 children
 women
 men
 -s  3rd person present  simple  write
work
 He writes
 She writes     
It works
 -ed  past tense /past participle(regular)  walk
learn
 walked
learned
 -en  past participle

 fall
eat
write

 fallen
eaten
written
 -ing continuous/progressive  study  studying
 -er  comparative adjective  small  smaller
 -est  superlative adjective  small  smallest
 -ly  adverbs  careful
slow
 carefully
slowly

 


2. Making verbs.

Some suffixes change the meaning (but the new meaning is related to the old meaning)

Suffix           example original word making verbs

 -ise

  or

-ize

 terror
private
real
modern

  terrorise terrorize
privatise / privatize
realise / realize
modernise / modernize

  -en   wide
  loose
  sharp
  widen
  loosen
  sharpen
  -ate   hyphen
participant
  hyphenate
participate
  -ify   simple
  pure  
  just
  simplify
  purify
  justify

 

We can make a noun that describes people or things:

  suffix   verb or noun   job or description
  -er   teach
ride
bank
sprinkle
copy
  teacher
rider
banker
sprinkler
copier
-or  act
solicit
conduct
actor
soliticitor
conductor
-ist  cycle
psychiatry
art
 cyclist
psychiatrist
artist
-cian electric
beauty
music
electrician
beautician
musician
-ee employ
attend
train
employee
attendee
trainee
-ant assist
attend
account
assistant
attendant
accountant

 

We can make a noun or verb into an adjective

  suffix     verb or noun        adjective
 -al   accident
monument
tradition
accidental
monumental     
traditional 
-ary imagine imaginary
-able tax
read
taxable
readable
-ly brother
love
friend
brotherly
lovely
friendly
-y ease
sun
noise
easy
sunny
noisy

ful beauty
forget
beautiful
forgetful
-ish blue
self
bluish
selfish
-less use
father
help
useless
fatherless
helpless

-ous fame
nerve
marvel
famous
nervous
marvellous (AmEng marvelous)

 

We can make verbs and adjectives into nouns.

  suffix   verb or adjective   nouns
-ation       

organise/organize
imagine

    organisation/organization     
imagination
-ment

develop
arrange
achieve

development
arrangement
achievement
-ness happy
kind
mad
happiness
kindness
madness
-age bag
waste
marry
baggage
wastage
marriage

 

 

There are loads more words you can add to these tables so when you see the letter pattern write them out and make your own building words dictionary.

Do the quiz below



Use the -ise (not-ize) ending if needed