Read and notice the first column words have a short vowel sound, and the second column with the silent 'e' at the end have a long vowel sound.





short vowel sound / long vowel sound
tap / tape
plan / plane
quit / quite
slim / slime
hop / hope
us / use
them / theme
breath / breathe
hug / huge
rag / rage
cop / cope
envelop / envelope
shin / shine
sit / site
cub / cube
grip / gripe
twin / twine
snip / snipe
bath / bathe
cap / cape
rat / rate
not / note
hat / hate
din / dine
dim / dime
bit / bite
pet / Pete
Tim / time
Sid / side
kit / kite
fin / fine
spin /spine

That's why it's called the magic 'e'! Even though it's silent it makes a huge difference to the meaning and sound of words. So be careful with this little "magic" letter.

But there are always exceptions with spelling rules. Let's have a look at some words that have an 'e' at the end but aren't magic and have a short sound: have, give, live, love, above, glove, come, some, gone

Can you see that most end in -ve? That's because centuries ago they didn't like words ending in v because if they doubled up the v in the 1:1:1 doubling up rule it would look like w (havving, givving) so they added an 'e' to the words.

But there is a long sound in gave, save, clove, live, live wire, alive. But to live (the verb) is short: I live by the sea and seeing it makes me feel alive.

Make some sentences with the words.

What time is Tim coming?
I hope Pete doesn't bring his pet tarantula.
She built a kite from a kit she got from the internet.
I took a bite of the cake and a bit of my tooth broke off.
When kiwi fruit are ripe you can easily rip the skin off them easily.

Now try this exercise magic 'e' silent 'e' exercise

For my newer, longer lessons, check out my Spelling Rules: to improve spelling & confidence on udemy.com - click the link or image below.

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