boys, countries, businesses, heroes, videos, boxes, rulers, women, children, dogs, washes, memories, sheep
Do you know when we add -ies, -ves, -s and -es ?
We're going to look at these important spelling rules then there's a spelling test so read carefully.
1. Add -s to regular plurals. Adding an s is all you need to form a regular plural: file - files, centre - centres, girl - girls, book - books, computer - computers, ambition - ambitions...
2. Add es to words ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z:
wash - washes, box - boxes, match - matches, glass - glasses, bus - buses, business - businesses...
*There's one exception to this rule. If the -ch ending is pronounced with a 'k' then add -s (stomach - stomachs)
3. Change to ves or add s.
Some words ending in f or fe change to ves: knife - knives, life - lives, wife - wives, shelf - shelves
Exceptions: add s: roof - roofs, proof - proofs, chief - chiefs
Words ending in ff add s: cliffs, sniffs, scoffs, toffs stiffs, tiffs...
These words can be either ves or s: scarf - scarves or scarfs, dwarf - dwarves or dwarfs
4. Change y to ies or s
a. If the word ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) + y then just add s:
boy - boys, journey - journeys, key - keys, tray - trays
b. If the word ends in a consonant + y change y to ies:
country - countries, baby - babies, body - bodies, memory - memories
5. Adding s or es to words ending in O:
a. If a word ends in a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) + 'o' then we sometimes add s.
radio - radios, stereo - stereos, video - videos
b. If a words ends in a consonant + 'o', we sometimes add s, sometimes es. No rules for this - you just have to learn the common words, or use a dictionary.
kilo - kilos, zero - zeros, piano - pianos, photo - photos
but hero - heroes, potato - potatoes, volcano - volcanoes, tomato - tomatoes.
6. Irregular plurals
woman - women, man - men, child - children, person - people, tooth - teeth, foot - feet, mouse - mice, penny - pence
There are some words that are the same in the plural as in the singular: sheep, series, fish*, cod, salmon, aircraft, cattle, scissors, deer, trousers
fish or fishes? The plural form fish is more common. Fishes is used when talking about different types of fish. (Oxford Dictionary)
the plural versions of these words.
4. mobile phone / cell phone
Check your answers below.
Thanks to Oxford Dictionaries online
4. mobile phones / cell phones
Spelling Rules Workbook Learn all about rules such as drop the 'e', magic 'e' silent 'e', 1:1:1 doubling up rule, al, el, le rule, adding ly, y to i rules, ck, k, ke rules, silent letter rules, prefix rules and much much more. Learning spelling rules is important because Click here for more info about this spiral-bound "real" book - yeah! Only £17 including postage & packing /shipping
a step-by-step guide to the rules of English spelling
(suitable for British and American users)
1. they add to your spelling knowledge
2. they explain why we have 'strange' letter patterns
3. and they help you understand why spelling is the way it is.
Learn all about rules such as drop the 'e', magic 'e' silent 'e', 1:1:1 doubling up rule, al, el, le rule, adding ly, y to i rules, ck, k, ke rules, silent letter rules, prefix rules and much much more.
Learning spelling rules is important because
Click here for more info about this spiral-bound "real" book - yeah! Only £17 including postage & packing /shipping