apostrophes 1

making words shorter / contracting words / short form words




In this lesson and video we're looking at apostrophes that make words shorter - I'm, she's, he's, they're, won't can't, shouldn't etc. These are called contractions or short forms.


My son's sick, he can't go to school. What's the long form of these contractions?

= My son is sick, he cannot go to school.

Do you know where and why the apostrophe goes where it does?


The apostrophe replaces the missing letter or letters and also joins the two words together.

you're = you are. The apostrophe replaces the 'a'

What about it's what does this word mean?

It's = it is and it has

Let's look at the apostrophe 'd words. What does the 'd' mean?

It means had or would.
she'd - she'd seen him before. She had seen him before

I'd "eyed" = I had/ I would I'd love a cup of tea = I would love a cup of tea

I am (is two words) - to contract it you knock off the 'a' and join the words to make one word I'm (remember your capital I)

Let's look at some weird spelling

cannot is one word and contracted to can't.

Then we have some strange old words that change the letters
shall not = shan't
will not = won't - check out my video on why 'will not' contracts to 'won't' - it's fascinating Click here to go to the lesson on "Will not = won't, why?"

 

Do the following exercises on a piece of paper and check your answers below.


Write the short form of these words 


1. He has a car.
2. I am early.
3. She does not want the job.
4. They are not coming today.
5. They will not go.
6. We did not ask.


Now read this passage and rewrite it adding apostrophes  

They arent ready because theyve been watching TV and now theyre late so theyve got to rush, and she doesnt know what to wear and hes not helping by moaning about misplacing his mobile.


Answers


Check you answers carefully and correct the mistakes.


Write the short form of these words 


1. He has a car. = He's got a car.
(Always use has/have + got in short forms, I've got/ She's got /you've got...)


2. I am early. =I'm early


3. She does not want the job. = She doesn't want the job.


4. They are not coming today. = They aren't coming today. OR They're not coming today.


5. They will not go. = They won't go.

6. We did not ask. = We didn't ask.


2. Read this passage and rewrite it adding apostrophes  

They aren't ready because they've been watching TV and now they're late so they've got to rush, and she doesn't know what to wear and he's not helping by moaning about misplacing his mobile.


Thanks for reading
Hope this was useful, let me know.
Joanne