Which words do we add -es to and why?
bus - buses, business - businesses, match - matches, box - boxes...

We add -es to words to make plurals and third person verbs
Plurals - watches, dishes, boxes
Third person verbs (he, she, it) - He washes, she watches, it finishes...

Which end letters do we add -es to?
Look at these plurals:  boxes, glasses, matches, buses, dishes, waltzes...
Look at these verbs: teaches, passes, watches, finishes...

Add -es to words ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -x, -z - wash/washes, box/boxes, match/matches, glass/glasses, business/businesses, quiz - quizzes (this also has the 1:1:1 doubling up rule too).

Can you see why we add -es?
-es was added to words so that there aren't 3 s's in a row (passs), and also to aid pronunciation, and to help see the plural (buss, gass)

*There's an exception to this rule. If the -ch ending is pronounced with a 'k' then add -s (stomach/stomachs)

We also add -es to: potato - potatoes, tomato - tomatoes, do - does (he/she/it does) , go - goes (he/she/it goes)

Let's do a spelling test

spelling tests

1. Have you got a pen and piece of paper. 2. Press the player above and write what you hear. 3. Don't worry about making mistakes. 4. After the test check your spellings carefully - letter by letter, correct the mistakes and do the test again tomorrow.

Practice makes perfect!

spelling test


1. She watches TV every Wednesday.

2. He's a kitchen porter and washes dishes and polishes glasses.

3.This suit matches my shoes.

4. There are some new London buses which are so big they carry hundreds of people.

5. Could you please start putting these things in those boxes?

6. She has quite a few businesses in England and India.

7 He likes potatoes especially chips.

8. She goes shopping every day but at weekends she doesn't, she relaxes.
9. He does his shopping in the evening when it's quiet.

10. She usually finishes work at eight o'clock at night.

Spelling Rules Workbook
a step-by-step guide to the rules of English spelling
(suitable for British and American users)

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200 pages of spelling rules and exercises.

Learn all about rules such as drop the 'e', magic 'e' silent 'e', 1:1:1 doubling up rule, al, el, le rule, adding ly, y to i rules, ck, k, ke rules, silent letter rules, prefix rules and much much more.

Learning spelling rules is important because
1. they add to your spelling knowledge
2. they explain why we have 'strange' letter patterns
3. and they help you understand why spelling is the way it is.

Click here for more info about this spiral-bound "real" book - yeah! Only £17 including postage & packing /shipping

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